True or False. The research clearly indicates that social media has a significant influence on voters decisions about candidates and political issues.

BRITISH KINGS AND QUEENS HISTORICALLY TRACED THEIR AUTHORITY FROM GOD. WEBER CALLED THIS __________.

1)
True or False. The research clearly indicates that social media has a significant influence on voters decisions about candidates and political issues.
(1pts)
True

  • click here for more information on this paper

False
2)
​__________ is the social institution through which power is acquired and exercised by various groups and individuals.
(1pts)
Politics
Religion
Government
Economics
3)
British kings and queens historically traced their authority from God. Weber called this __________.
(1pts)
coercive authority
rational–legal authority
traditional authority
charismatic authority
4)
​__________ authority is held by elected or appointed government officials, but authority is invested in the office, not in the person who holds the office.
(1pts)
Rational-Legal
Traditional
Coercive
Charismatic
5)

  • click here for more information on this paper

​__________ is a political system in which power resides in one person or family and is passed from generation to generation through lines of inheritance.
(1pts)
Totalitarianism
Communism
Monarchy
Democracy
6)
​__________ result when military officers seize power from the government, as has happened in recent decades in Argentina, Chile, and Haiti.
(1pts)
Dictatorships
Absolute monarchies
Military juntas
Direct participatory democracies
7)
Citizen groups such as the American Conservative Union and Zero Population Growth are examples of __________.
(1pts)
power elites
special interest groups
ruling class
political action committees
8)
The __________ make(s) up the middle level of C. Wright Mill’s pyramidal model of the power elite.
(1pts)
executive branch of government
legislative branch, special interest groups, and local opinion leaders
corporate rich
unorganized masses of the citizenry
9)
William Domhoff used the term __________ to refer to a small, fixed, privileged group of people with the power to constrain the political system and serve the interests of capitalism.
(1pts)
ruling class
political action committee
power elite
special interest group
10)
Political __________ is the process by which people learn political attitudes, values, and behavior.
(1pts)
persuasion
conformity
participation
socialization
11)
Even in Presidential election years, voter turnout can be low. For example, in the 2012 presidential election, approximately __________ of eligible voters cast ballots.
(1pts)
30%
50%
25%

  • click here for more information on this paper

60%
12)
​The U.S. government employs about __________ people, excluding the U.S. Postal Service.
(1pts)
2.1 million
100,000
250,000
1.3 million
13)
​__________ is an economic system characterized by private ownership of the means of production, from which personal profits can be derived through market competition and without government intervention.
(1pts)
socialism
imperialism
capitalism
democracy
14)
True or False. Illness is a social construction; definitions may change over time and between cultures.​
(1pts)
True
False
15)
At one time, health was considered to be simply the absence of disease. However, today the World Health Organization (WHO) defines health as the __________.​
(1pts)
absence of sickness, viruses, and physical pains
state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being
state of equilibrium, with all the parts in balance
absence of infection
16)
__________ is the term for an institutional system concerned with the scientific diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of illness.​
(1pts)
Holistic Medicine
Health care
Scientific Medicine
Medicine
17)
__________ is the study of the causes and distribution of health, disease, and impairment throughout a population.​
(1pts)
Social medicine
Sociology of medicine
Social health

  • click here for more information on this paper

Social epidemiology
18)
Which of these is an example of a chronic disease?​
(1pts)
infection
diabetes
stroke
pregnancy
19)
A child born in the United States in 2013 has a life expectancy of __________.​
(1pts)
67
71.8
78.7
53.2
20)
Which of these is not a condition that has been attributed to long-term chronic heavy drinking or alcoholism?​
(1pts)
nutritional deficiencies
alcoholic cirrhosis
cardiovascular problems
hearing impairment
21)
What is the world’s leading infectious killer?​
(1pts)
Ebola
HIV/AIDS
cancer
SARS
22)
Throughout its history in the United States, payment for medical care has been __________.​
(1pts)
through the federal government
on a fee-for-service basis
taken care of by health maintenance organizations
through a third-party provider
23)
​__________ is a nationwide public health insurance program that is a jointly funded federal–state–local program established to make health care more available to the poor.
(1pts)
Medicare
Social Security
Medicaid
Social health insurance
24)
In 2012, __________ of all full-time workers in the United States lacked health insurance.​
(1pts)
25%
10%
15%
5%
25)
In Great Britain, the government sets health care policies, raises funds and controls the medical care budget, owns health care facilities, and directly employs physicians and other health care personnel. This is an example of a(n):
(1pts)
managed care system
fee-for-service health care system
universal health care system
socialized medicine system
26)
True or False. In most areas of the world today, women are having fewer children than they have in the past.
(1pts)
True
False
27)
True or False. Capitalism and innovative technologies are successfully solving the problems of overpopulation.​
(1pts)
True
False
28)
__________ is a subfield of sociology that examines population size, composition, and distribution.​
(1pts)
Ecology
Popography
Demography
Statistics
29)
The level of fertility in a society is based on biological and social factors, the primary biological factor being __________.​
(1pts)
the roles available to women in a society
the general health and nutrition of women
the number of women of childbearing age
the prevalent viewpoint regarding what constitutes the “ideal” family size
30)
According to the categories defined by the United Nations, the United States is a __________ country.
(1pts)
high-fertility
low-fertility
intermediate-fertility
fertility-neutral
31)
The __________ is considered an important reflection of a society’s level of preventive medical care, maternal nutrition, childbirth procedures, and neonatal care for infants.​
(1pts)
crude death rate
fecundity minus actual fertility rate
life expectancy
infant mortality rate
32)
​__________ refers to the physical location of people throughout a geographic area; __________ is the term for the number of people within a given geographic area.
(1pts)
Migration; distribution
Distribution; density
Immigration; distribution
Density; distribution
33)
In the United States, after the Civil War, thousands of African Americans moved from the South to the North. This is an example of __________ .​
(1pts)
emigration
cross-national migration
international migration
internal migration
34)
One measure of population composition is the __________, which is the number of males for every hundred females in a given population.
(1pts)
rate of gender composition
sex ratio
demographic transition
gender gap
35)
English economist Thomas Malthus argued that the population would increase in a geometric (exponential) progression whereas the food supply would increase only by an arithmetic progression; thus, a __________ occurs.
(1pts)
limit to growth
negative check
doubling effect
preventive check
36)
During the demographic transition stage of __________, very little population growth occurs because both birth rates and death rates are low.​
(1pts)
early industrialization
agriculturalism
advanced industrialization and urbanization
preindustrial societies
37)
​__________ suggests that as the natural resources, land, and workforce in low-income countries with little or no industrialization have come under the influence of international markets, there has been a corresponding flow of migrants from those nations to the highly industrialized, high-income countries.
(1pts)
Network theory
Institutional theory
World systems theory
Split-labor-market theory
38)
__________ is the study of the relationship between people and their physical environment.​
(1pts)
biology
demography
geography
human ecology
39)
Collective behavior lacks the organizational structure of other forms of behavior.​
(1pts)
True
False
40)
True or False. Collective behavior is very contemporary; it began with the Civil Rights Movement in the 1950s.​
(1pts)
True
False
41)
Sociologists define __________ as the alteration, modification, or transformation of public policy, culture, or social institutions over time.​
(1pts)
social innovation
social change
social divergence
culture wars
42)
__________ is voluntary, often spontaneous activity that is engaged in by a large number of people and typically violates dominant-group norms and values.​
(1pts)
Collective behavior
Social change
Institutional behavior
Organizational behavior
43)
__________ crowds provide opportunities for the display of some strong emotion (such as joy, excitement, or grief). People release their pent-up emotions in conjunction with other persons experiencing similar emotions.​
(1pts)
acting
expressive
instrumental
conventional
44)
A(n) __________ is a highly emotional crowd whose members engage in, or are ready to engage in, violence against a specific target (such as a person, a category of people, or physical property).​
(1pts)
riot
mob
aggregate
brawl
45)
The looting and other behavior that took place in Los Angeles after the Rodney King trial and celebrations that turn violent after some sporting events are both examples of __________.
(1pts)
mobs
riots
collectivities
aggregates
46)
A(n) __________ is a form of crowd behavior that occurs when a large number of people react to a real or perceived threat with strong emotions and self-destructive behavior.​
(1pts)
aggregate
mob
panic
collectivity
47)
Sometimes acts of civil disobedience become violent, as in a confrontation between protesters and police officers. In this case, a protest crowd becomes a/an __________ crowd.
(1pts)
conventional
expressive
acting
casual
48)
From the perspective of __________, individuals with similar characteristics or attitudes seek others who are similar with whom they can express their predispositions to behave and feel in different ways.​
(1pts)
mob psychology
emergent norm theory
circular reaction
convergence theory
49)
Not all collective behavior takes place in face-to-face collectivities. __________ behavior is collective behavior that takes place when people who may be geographically separated from one another respond to the same event in much the same way.​
(1pts)
riot
mob
mass
panic
50)
Tabloid newspapers and magazines such as the National Enquirer and People, and television entertainment “news” programs that present “inside” information on the lives of celebrities, are sources of contemporary __________.
(1pts)
mass hysteria
hearsay
gossip
panic

 

"Is this question part of your assignment? We Can Help!"