# Preparing trial balances, closing entries, and financial statements

Problem 4-3A Preparing trial balances, closing entries, and financial statements
The adjusted trial balance of Kobe Repairs on December 31, 2005, follows:
KOBE REPAIRS
December 31, 2005
No. Account Title Debit Credit
101 Cash . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \$ 13,000
124 Office supplies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1,200
128 Prepaid insurance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1,950
167 Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48,000
168 Accumulated depreciation—Equipment . . . . . . . \$ 4,000
201 Accounts payable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12,000
210 Wages payable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 500
301 S. Kobe, Capital . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40,000
302 S. Kobe, Withdrawals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15,000
401 Repair fees earned . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77,750
612 Depreciation expense—Equipment . . . . . . . . . . 4,000
623 Wages expense . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36,500
637 Insurance expense . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 700
640 Rent expense . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9,600
650 Office supplies expense . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2,600
690 Utilities expense . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1,700
Totals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \$134,250 \$134,250
Required
1.
Prepare an income statement and a statement of owner’s equity for the
year 2005, and a classified balance sheet at December 31, 2005. There
are no owner investments in 2005.
2. Enter the adjusted trial balance
in the first two columns of a six-column table. Use columns three and
four for closing entry information and the last two columns for a
post-closing trial balance. Insert an Income Summary account as the last
item in the trial balance.
3. Enter closing entry information in the six-column table and prepare journal entries for them.
Analysis Component
4. Assume for this part only that:
a.
None of the \$700 insurance expense had expired during the year.
Instead, assume it is a prepayment of the next period’s insurance
protection.
b. There are no earned and unpaid wages at the end of the
year. (Hint: Reverse the \$500 wages payable accrual.) Describe the
financial statement changes that would result from these two
assumptions.
Check (1) Ending capital balance, \$47,650
(2) P-C trial balance totals, \$64,150