Creating and Communicating a Security Strategy

CIS333 – Networking Security Fundamentals
© 2017 Strayer University. All Rights Reserved. This document contains Strayer University Confidential and Proprietary information and may not be copied, further distributed, or otherwise disclosed in whole or in part, without the expressed written permission of Strayer University. Page 1 of 6
Assignment 1: Creating and Communicating a Security Strategy
First Draft Due Week 4
Final Due Week 6, worth 80 points
As an IT professional, you’ll often be required to communicate policies, standards, and practices in the
workplace. For this assignment, you’ll practice this important task by taking on the role of an IT
professional charged with creating a memo to communicate your company’s new security strategy.
The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:
• Analyze the importance of network architecture to security operations.
• Apply information security standards to real-world implementation.
• Communicate how problem-solving concepts are applied in a business environment.
• Use information resources to research issues in information systems security.
• Write clearly about network security topics using proper writing mechanics and business formats.
Preparation
1. Review the essential elements of a security strategy
A successful IT administration strategy requires the continuous enforcement of policies, standards, and
practices (procedures) within the organization. Review these elements to see how they compare:
Policy The general statements that direct the organization’s internal and external
communication and goals.
Standards Describe the requirements of a given activity related to the policy. They are more
detailed and specific than policies. In effect, standards are rules that evaluate the
quality of the activity. For example, standards define the structure of the password
and the numbers, letters, and special characters that must be used in order to
create a password.
Practices The written instructions that describe a series of steps to be followed during the
performance of a given activity. Practices must support and enhance the work
environment. Also referred to as procedures.
2. Describe the business environment
You are the IT professional in charge of security for a company that has recently opened within a
shopping mall. Describe the current IT environment at this business. You can draw details from a
company you work for now or for which you have worked in the past. You’ll need to get creative and
identify the details about this business that will influence the policies you’ll create. For example, does the
company allow cell phone email apps? Does the company allow web mail? If so, how will this affect the
mobile computing policy? Describe all the details about this business environment that will be necessary
to support your strategy.
CIS333 – Networking Security Fundamentals
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3. Research sample policies
Familiarize yourself with various templates and sample policies used in the IT field. Do not just copy
another company’s security policy, but rather learn from the best practices of other companies and apply
them to yours. Use these resources to help structure your policies:
● Information Security Policy Templates
● Sample Data Security Policies
● Additional Examples and Tips
Instructions
With the description of the business environment (the fictional company that has opened in a shopping
mall) in mind and your policy review and research complete, create a new security strategy in the format
of a company memo (no less than three to five pages) in which you do the following:
1. Describe the business environment and identify the risk and reasoning Provide a brief description of all the important areas of the business environment that you’ve discovered in your research. Be sure to identify the reasons that prompted the need to create a security policy.
2. Assemble a security policy Assemble a security policy or policies for this business. Using the memo outline as a guide, collect industry-specific and quality best practices. In your own words, formulate your fictional company’s security policy or policies. You may use online resources, the Strayer Library, or other industry-related resources such as the National Security Agency (NSA) and Network World. In a few brief sentences, provide specific information on how your policy will support the business’ goal.
3. Develop standards Develop the standards that will describe the requirements of a given activity related to the policy. Standards are the in-depth details of the security policy or policies for a business.
4. Develop practices Develop the practices that will be used to ensure the business enforces what is stated in the
security policy or policies and standards.
Format your assignment according to the following formatting requirements:
• This course is designed to prepare you for a career in IT. While most Strayer University courses require APA (essay) format, this course focuses on writing in a business format. Review this resource to learn more about the important features of business writing: The One Unbreakable Rule in Business Writing.
● You may use the provided memo outline as a guide for this assignment, or you may use your own. Get creative and be original! (You should not just copy a memo from another source.) Adapt the strategy you create to your “company” specifically. In the workplace, it will be important to use company standard documents for this type of communication.
● Do not cut and paste someone else’s strategy. Plagiarism detection software will be used to evaluate your submissions.

CIS333 – Networking Security Fundamentals
© 2017 Strayer University. All Rights Reserved. This document contains Strayer University Confidential and Proprietary information and may not be copied, further distributed, or otherwise disclosed in whole or in part, without the expressed written permission of Strayer University. Page 3 of 6
Rubric
Grading for this assignment will be based on answer quality, logic/organization of the memo, and
language and writing skills, using the following rubric.
Points: 80 Assignment 1: Creating and Communicating a Security Strategy
Criteria Unacceptable
Below 60% F
Meets
Minimum
Expectations
60-69% D
Fair
70-79% C
Proficient
80-89% B
Exemplary
90-100% A
1. Describe
the
business
and identify
the risk and
reasoning
Weight:
20%
Does not
describe the
business and
does not
submit or
incompletely
identifies the
risk and
reasoning.
Insufficiently
describes the
business.
The risk is
unclear and
there is not a
clear
connection to
a reason.
Partially
describes the
business.
The risk is
stated but the
reasoning needs
more supporting
details.
More details and
a clear
connection to
the risk would
improve this
section.
Satisfactorily
describes the
business.
The risk is
identified and the
reasoning has
some supporting
details.
Thoroughly
describes the
business.
The risk is
clearly
identified and
the reasoning
has well-
supported
detail to
connect the
risk to the
reasoning.
2.
Assemble a
security
policy or
policies for
the
business
Weight:
25%
Does not
submit or
incompletely
assembles a
security policy
or policies for
the business.
The policy is
missing major
elements and
does not
communicate
how it would
support the
business goal.
The policy
includes some
elements and
partially
indicates how it
would support
the business’
goal, but was
lacking
supporting
details.
The policy
includes most
elements and
satisfactorily
indicates how it
would support the
business’ goal,
but was lacking
supporting
details.
The policy
includes all
the necessary
elements and
clearly
indicates how
it will support
the business’
goal.
3. Develop
standards
Weight:
25%
Does not
submit or
incompletely
develops
standards.
The standards
are not fully
developed and
do not
describe the
requirements
of the activity.
The standards
partially
describe some
of the
requirements of
the activity but
lack the details
necessary to
make them
complete.
The standards
satisfactorily
describe many of
the requirements
of the activity but
could use more
details.
The standards
thoroughly
describe all
the
requirements
of the activity
and include
sound, in-
depth details.
CIS333 – Networking Security Fundamentals
© 2017 Strayer University. All Rights Reserved. This document contains Strayer University Confidential and Proprietary information and may not be copied, further distributed, or otherwise disclosed in whole or in part, without the expressed written permission of Strayer University. Page 4 of 6
Points: 80 Assignment 1: Creating and Communicating a Security Strategy
Criteria Unacceptable
Below 60% F
Meets
Minimum
Expectations
60-69% D
Fair
70-79% C
Proficient
80-89% B
Exemplary
90-100% A
4. Develop
practices
Weight:
25%
Does not
submit or
incompletely
develops
practices.
The practices
do not include
enough
description to
ensure the
business can
enforce what
is stated in the
policies and
standards.
The written
instructions do
not include
steps or
enough steps
to make them
complete.
The practices
partially
describe how to
ensure the
business can
enforce what is
stated in the
policies and
standards.
The written
instructions
include some
steps, but they
could be
expanded to
make them
complete.
The practices
satisfactorily
address how to
ensure the
business can
enforce what is
stated in the
policies and
standards.
The written
instructions
include many of
the necessary
steps, but
additional steps
and details would
improve the
instructions.
The practices
thoroughly
address how
to ensure the
business can
enforce what
is stated in the
policies and
standards.
The written
instructions
include all the
necessary
steps and
have well-
supporting
details.
5. Clarity,
writing
mechanics,
and
business
formatting
require-
ments
Weight: 5%
The writing
lacks clarity.
Formatting is
not
appropriate
for business.
The writing
lacks some
clarity.
Formatting is
not
appropriate for
business.
The writing is
beginning to
show clarity.
Business
formatting is
partially applied.
The writing is
mostly clear and
business
formatting is
apparent.
Some minor
adjustments
would improve
the overall
format.
The writing is
professional
and clear.
The formatting
is excellent
and aligned
with business
requirements.
CIS333 – Networking Security Fundamentals
© 2017 Strayer University. All Rights Reserved. This document contains Strayer University Confidential and Proprietary information and may not be copied, further distributed, or otherwise disclosed in whole or in part, without the expressed written permission of Strayer University. Page 5 of 6
Additional Examples and Tips
Example 1: XYZ Inc. Company-Wide Employee Password Strategy
Policies
• All users must have a password.
• Passwords must be changed every six months.
Standards
• A password must have a minimum of six characters.
• A password must have a maximum of 12 characters.
• A password must contain letters, numbers, and special characters other than $.
Practices-Employee
• Create a password. The UserID should be an EmployeeID already generated by HR.
• Send a request to create the account to the Information Technology (IT) department.
• User receives a temporary password.
• Users must change their temporary password the first time they log in.
Example 2: Security Policy and Standards
Password Policy: Passwords are an important part of computer security at your organization. They often
serve as the first line of defense in preventing unauthorized access to the organization’s computers and
data.
In order to define the password policy, it is important to identify the standards.
1. Multi-factor authentication
2. Password strength standard
3. Password security standards; how to keep the password secure
Tips and Points to Consider When Identifying Risks or Security Vulnerabilities
• Flaws in operating systems due to constant attack by malware
• Denial of services attacks
• Employees data theft
• User set a weak password or password that is easy to guess, such as a birthday or child’s name.
• User leaves sensitive data on an unlocked, unattended computer
• Organization allows sensitive data on a laptop that leaves the building
• Data can be accessed remotely without using proper security
CIS333 – Networking Security Fundamentals
© 2017 Strayer University. All Rights Reserved. This document contains Strayer University Confidential and Proprietary information and may not be copied, further distributed, or otherwise disclosed in whole or in part, without the expressed written permission of Strayer University. Page 6 of 6
Memo Outline
Network Security Associates of Atlantis, Inc.
123 Watery Lane
Atlantis, USVI 91199
From: IT Security Dept.
Re: Security Policy
Date:
Section 1: General Policies and Motivation
Section 2: Passwords
Section 3: Biometrics
Section 4: Tokens
Section 5: Physical Security
Section 6: Email Policies
Section 7: Breach Reporting Responsibilities
Section 8: Mobile Policy and BYOD (Bring Your Own Device)
 

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