Character Sketch of Filostrato in The Decameron

Giovanni Bocaccio’s Decameron revolves around tale-telling events in which ten refugees from the plague-ridden Florence pass time entertaining each other with tales. Focus on FILOSTRATO (one of the tale-tellers) What kind of person is he?

 

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Strategic Human Resource Management and Performance: A Critical Analysis

To compete effectively in a dynamic market, business entities need to develop resources that ensure their survival. Increasing competition has for instance arisen with increased globalization and adoption of technology that has eliminated the competitive-effect of many traditional factors that positioned an entity at an advantage over other competing entities (Andersen 2010). For instance, Internet platforms that enable firms to sell their products to a wide market have eliminated the need to invest in multiple distribution channels. Start-ups can thus have a wide reach without having to invest in extensive distribution channels. Increasing globalization has also enabled aspects such as outsourcing thus enabling entities to make substantial savings in cost. Out of the resultant increasing competition, it has become necessary for entities to identify and build resources that would offer them an advantage upon which they would compete effectively (Andersen 2010).
The resource-based view posits that entities can sustain their competitive position by constantly developing their resources and capabilities. By developing such resources, entities would find it easier to come up with innovative products that sustain their competitiveness in the market (Andersen 2010). Strategic human resource management (SHRM) builds on such a resource-based view of an entity’s internal environment. SHRM contends that, by basing the HR strategy on the entity’s strategy, HR policies and practices would help in the achievement of the goals and vision of the firm (Kane & Palmer 1995). Such an alignment creates capabilities that competitors cannot imitate easily thus enabling the entity to compete effectively in the market (Kim & Gray 2005). Consequently, adopting SHRM approach would result into better outcomes for the entity; this paper assesses such an assertion by evaluating whether SHRM leads to high performance.
The paper first expounds on the concept of SHRM then evaluates the link between SHRM and an entity’s performance. Subsequently, the paper discusses the limitation of assessing performance of an entity with respect to HR based wholly on financial aspects. Using the broad measures of performance highlighted in the discussion about limitations of financial metrics in assessing HR performance, the paper discusses two ways – being a change agent and a business partner – through which SHRM adds value to a business. Finally, the paper discusses the challenges that impede the achievement of a strategic role for the HR department providing potential solutions to such challenges and core competencies that help the HR professionals to achieve SHRM objectives.

 

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Modern World System Theory and the Dependency Theory

There are two fascinating contemporary variants of the structuralist perspective namely, Modern World System Theory and the Dependency Theory. Discuss about these theories.

 

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Kankakee Knutson Valves case on “Team Spirit”

Kankakee Knutson Valves case on “Team Spirit” presents a case of an infective teamwork. Six months down the line, a team composing of Camille [computer support department], Martin [marketing], Prajesh [production], Simone [sales], and Ivanovich [inventory and logistics] have not accomplished much. After Bob Boston, the team initiator, realized in two months that, the team he assembled had not met, because, member has not known another and more so “no one wanted to step on anyone else’s toes by … calling the team together” he invited them in his office. After converging in Bob’s conference room, Camille, Martin and Simone expressed their desire to become the team leader after Bob preferred their own choice of leadership. None of them was willing to let go. Prajesh and Ivanovich, on the other hand, they do not care who assumes the leadership so long as they are not the one conferred with this responsibility. In addition, Prajesh does not care about the web; since, he does not see its importance in production department. Members are divided on the web use in the company, for instance, Ivanovich is on the view that the web should be used for suppliers and distributors; Martin and Simone, to contact customers; while, Camille wants the web to act as an information site. Camille is also committed in other projects; and thus, she is not willing to offer more to the team.

 

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Organizational Structure and Behavior (Euroland Foods case)

Identify the international aspects involved in this case. Analyze the challenges involved with international operations given the context. Considering organizational design, determine and justify the best business model to which you would move as CEO for this firm in its marketplace. Given your decision, discuss and justify the change process you would employ as CEO to realize the strategic plan for the firm.

 

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Restoration of an Endodontically Treated Tooth

The process of root canal treatment and the subsequent choice of restorative technique undoubtedly require careful consideration so as to prevent possible failure of the treatment process due to extraradicular and intraradicular infections.1, 2 Root canal treatment is itself indicated in the treatment of carries with pulpal infection caused by tooth decay. While endodontic treatment deals with periodontal damage to the pulp, restorative dentistry repairs exposed and damaged dentine and enamel. This process aims at reinforcing an otherwise fragile root filled tooth and the assurance of high quality dental therapy. Professionals in collaboration who concur with this, recognize the fact that the complete filling process revolves around establishing a “bacteria tight seal of the root canal”.3(218) This is attributed to the claims that root filling processes reduce a tooth’s rigidity making it vulnerable to fracture damage and even discolouration in comparison to a vital tooth. 1, 4 Recent contradictory evidence however, shows a very slight difference in the dentin of endodontically treated teeth and the corresponding vital tooth. Attention is instead directed towards access preparation, amount of missing tooth structure and reduced inherent protective feedback as the factors that necessitate restoration.21 The restoration process thus aims at maintaining a tooth’s structural potency and aesthetic value by restoring its original structure.1, 3, 5 The lack of conclusive literature and the upsurge of literary evidence in dentistry, has made the restoration process a controversial topic of debate, necessitating the use of evidence based data to facilitate the process. For instance, professional studies show a reduction in the success rate of the procedure to 71% when restoration is not carried out.3 The issue of whether or not a cuspal coverage is significant for the tooth’s retention and the type of crown material is dependent on the type of tooth and remaining structure.15,22 Evidence however, implies greater chances of tooth survival in crowned teeth with statistics showing survival rates of teeth without crowns at 1, 2 and 5 years being recorded as 96%, 88% and 36% respectively.23 The placement of posts is another controversial issue with some practitioners arguing that dentistry should be minimally invasive and that it does not possess restoration qualities.5, 6, 19, 22 With regards to this, Naumann, Kiessling and Seemann6 recognize that the choice of restoration technique is governed by a number of factors that revolve around the condition of the tooth/teeth and the wide array of restoration material. Evidence from a one year analysis of a military clinic provided by McComb23 showed that 60% of endodontically treated teeth failures were caused by post restoration fractures, while periodontal problems constituted 32% making the restoration process a prime issue. As a result of these considerations among others, the following research focuses on restoration techniques and the factors that influence the treatment process selected.
 

 

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Between 1870 and 1914, Western powers took over major portions of the non-Western world; both at the time and since then, there has been considerable discussion and debate around the causes of this takeover.

Between 1870 and 1914, Western powers took over major portions of the non-Western world; both at the time and since then, there has been considerable discussion and debate around the causes of this takeover.
a) What were the most important reasons, in your opinion, behind this takeover?
b) Provide at least five specific examples to support your thesis.

 

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Factors Underlying Energy Crisis in USA

America is experiencing the worst crisis in energy supply that is projected to last for the next two decades if the critical issues facing this challenge are not addressed. This problem would threaten the economic prosperity of the nation and would affect people’s lifestyle. Since the 20th century, the U.S. government has been constantly concerned with energy than any other nation in the world, but the current energy outlook portrays a different picture. The nation has always been concerned with sufficient energy supply, affordable energy for all citizens, environment conservation techniques of energy production, research into production of reliable renewable energy, and energy conservation (James Everett Katz 175). Despite efforts to deal with this energy crisis currently facing the nation, little progress has been achieved. The cause of this crisis is that country has formulated very many policies and plans for the energy sector and this has sunk the government into a crisis of confusion about which policy comes first. USA energy crisis has developed from the consequences of conflicting energy plans and policies due to lack of grand plan to implement them. For instance, development of renewable energy sources to conserve the environment and the need to boost the local supplies of oil, coal, and natural gas to meet the current ever-increasing demand (Mary M. Timney 17). Another conflict involves, the need to promote production by deregulating energy production and energy supply and protection of the consumers from high prices by regulating the retail prices. Lastly, there is need to conserve government’s treasured land and the need for more land to drill and produce energy on the other hand.

 

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Danny Meyer: “Constant, gentle pressure”.

Danny Meyer is considered by many as one of the most successful restaurateurs in the United States, if not the world. He is the CEO of Union Square Hospitality Group, which includes Union Square Cafe, Gramercy Tavern, Eleven Madison Park, Tabla, Blue Smoke, Jazz Standard, Shake Shack, and The Modern, Cafe 2 and Terrace 5 at the Museum of Modern Art, as well as Hudson Yards. His restaurants and chefs have earned an incredible 19 James Beard Awards, including: the first-ever Outstanding Restaurateur, Outstanding Restaurant of the Year; Best Chef; Outstanding Service; Outstanding Wine Service; Humanitarian of the Year; Who’s Who of Food & Beverage; Best New Restaurant; Best Restaurant Design; and Best Graphic Design. (http://www.ushgnyc.com/_pdf/meyer_bio.pdf)
 
Meyer himself wholeheartedly agrees that this success could not have been achieved without what he refers to as: “Constant, gentle pressure”. This term is his preferred technique for not only leading, but also for guiding and coaching his followers, which now add up to approximately 1,400 employees. To him: “It’s the job of any business owner to be clear about the company’s nonnegotiable core values.” (http://www.inc.com/magazine/20061001/column-guest.html). He believes that as the leader of his company, he should instill and expect a level of excellence in all his employees and must never waver in the presence of negative, outside forces. When training his managers, he believes that he needs to be extremely specific as to what this level of excellence entails. He does recognize the presence of these outside forces, including the actual managers, which will conspire to alter this level of excellence. However, he assures them that he will constantly return to that desired level, but always in a gentle manner (dialogue, compromise and willingness to share power). Ultimately, in recognition of the importance of keeping his excellence standards, he will always apply the right amount of pressure in order to fulfill his strategic goals.

 

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Molecular pathology: Cervical cancer

Use of case study for cervical cancer
Inheritance pattern (if appropriate)
Molecular basis of disease
Current technologies utilised to diagnose disorder in patients
Current treatments

 

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