Understanding the Nature and Forms of Cyber Bullying

In a rapidly advancing IT society, the issue of cyber bullying and the manner it is exacerbated at all levels, raises fundamental questions. The question is whether it is a transition of bullying in general from its traditional forms to a more complex and technologically advanced form, or it is a new form of cultural adaptation that is mounting with the progression of digital technology (Keith and Martin 224). The nature of cyber bullying is typically analogous to bullying in its connotative sense, only that, the act occurs through a different medium that poses intricacies to identify the perpetrators (Anderson 18). Conversely, the nature of bullying is rooted in the behavior of a person, and the cyber or internet only acts as a medium through which an individual’s bullying disposition is exhibited. The kind of bullying that is in schools or workplaces is easily noticeable, and perpetrators can easily be caught and punished. However, digital technology has somehow complicated the entire practice and enabled perpetrators to get away with their acts. Since many people today have been empowered with the use of electronic devices even without positive purposes, supervision or any kind of instructions, major consequences have proliferated which threaten to tarnish the intended function of internet technology (Anderson 19).

 

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International Business: The Feasibility of XXB Gulf Energy investing in China through a Joint Venture

The gaps in market, economic conditions political will between China and GCC presents an opportunity for investment. The analysis of Chinese international business environment using PESTEL model, diamond model and Porters Five Forces, recommends the XXB Gulf Energy to invest in China and particularly Inner Mongolia. In the last three decades, industrial growth characterizes Chinese economic growth and increased energy demand. Due to global warming, Chinese government has turned to renewable energy and particularly wind energy.
Although, the current consumption in of wind is 0.4 percent, it estimated that the wind reserve in China could provide over 18 times the consumption demand witnessed in 2005. There is high demand for turbines both at Chinese and international markets. China is endowed with cheap labor and market (because of high population), materials (steel and iron), infrastructure (airports, roads) and technology. In addition, China has prevailed a good environment for foreign entities; for instance, in Inner Mongolia, the companies operating over 10 years are refunded part of their taxes – full amount of the first five years and a quarter of the following five years. In addition, firms in energy sector are not charged land rates during development period.

 

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compare and contrast the philosophical and programmatic differences between abstinence approaches to addictions treatment and harm reduction.

compare and contrast the philosophical and programmatic differences between abstinence approaches to addictions treatment and harm reduction.

 

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Consultancy: Executing Successful Projects

Consultancy in business perspective is a process, which a client (e.g. business owner) invites a consultant to assist in solving business related issues (Huffington and Brunning, 1994 p.13). In this case the our client is a business company that owns a chain of stores in England, France, Belgium, Spain, Italy, and Germany wants assistance in developing an IT program that would consolidate its operation, serve their mutual needs, and attract buyers. The IT project is good and workable, but in consultancy, project shocks should be analyzed before initiating any project. Project shocks are occurrences that unexpectedly affect the successful fulfillment of the consultancy project. The effect of the project can interfere with the anticipated results or knock off the whole project. In this IT system change project, there are indications that projects shock would occur in the course of consultancy. This is because the project requires the third level of intimacy that greatly depends on the availability and commitment of the client’s team.

 

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The upswing in the economy will lead to turnover of the organization’s top talent. How you can prevent your organization from top talent turnover during economy recovery?

The upswing in the economy will lead to turnover of the organization’s top talent. How you can prevent your organization from top talent turnover during economy recovery?

 

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Level of Air pollution and Health risk

Air pollution simply concerns contaminants in the atmosphere. The source of contaminants can be natural or from human activities. Effects of air pollution to human health is always the main focus in studying the issue (Tabaku, Bejtja, Bala, Toci, and Resuli, 2010). Air pollution is not a modern problem. It started when fire was invented, which produced a lot of smoke in the air that chocked them especially those who inhabited caves. The history of the phenomenon of air quality and pollution started with smoke and it was a major environmental problem. During this time humans depended on burning wood and coal. One of the earliest recorded environmental concern on air pollution was in 1273 when the King of Old England forbade the use of all impure coal because it produced a lot of smoke, suit, and sulphur dioxide when burned. During the industrial revolution in 1873, air pollution became an environmental health concern in England when smoke and fog was linked with the death of 700 Londoners (Anderson, 2009). In 1956 the British parliament passed into law clean air act after a disastrous smog killed 4000 people. Due to strong legislative action, there is a much better air quality in London today. Air pollution and lungs and heart problems go hand in hand. In 1911, Pittsburg city and St. Louis city had industries that utilized great quantities of coal and produced massive smoke. During that time the city residents started developing smoke irritation conditions in their respiratory system (Anderson, 2009). The epidemiological effect air pollution are non-communicable diseases (NCDs) which include cancer, chronic respiratory illnesses and cardiovascular diseases. The World Bank (2011) reported that over 80% of China’s annual deaths are caused by NCDs. The report further indicates that 68.6% of the ailing population in China have NDCs and that the trend was increasing sharply. Chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD) and lung cancer are among the leading NCD in China (Matus, et al.,2011). COPD and lung cancer are primarily caused by exposure to tobacco smoke and general air pollution like exposure to dust, gases and fumes all of which are air pollutants. Studies of COPD indicate that large cities have higher rates COPD than rural areas (Dadvand, Rankin, Rushton, and Pless-Mulloli, 2011). This has been attributed to air pollution since pollutants inhaled daily slowly interfere with normal growth of the lungs. In addition, industrial waste gases like sulphur dioxide and nitrogen dioxide have been discovered to cause COPD and asthma (Cisneros et al., 2010). One of the leading causes of COPD in developing countries, especially in women, is smoke from cooking fire from organic fuels like firewood and dry dung that pollutes indoor air. Environmental exposure to tobacco smoke (ETS) alone accounts to about 80-90% of all the COPD cases (Wang and Zhao, 2011; Pope III, 2011). It is also the leading cause of extra-pulmonary diseases like lung cancer. Lung cancer is one of the diseases that concerns environmental health because its control greatly depends on air quality. Apart from ETS, other environmental exposures that causes the disease include frequent inhalation of radon gas, which is mutagenic and carcinogenic, and exposure to suspended particulate matter (Wang and Zhao, 2011; The World Bank, 2011). Particulate matter concentration in the air has been discovered to have direct relationship with cancer prevalence. For instance, studies by American Cancer Society discovered that for every increase of 1% of particulate matter exposure the risk of lung cancer development increases by 14%. Air pollution also causes other pulmonary related cancer apart from lung cancer (Wang and Zhao, 2011; Matus, et al.,2011;The World Bank, 2011). For instance, inhalation of asbestos fibers causes mesothelioma, which is a pleura cancer. Lastly, air pollution can cause other pulmonary disease that are non COPD. For example, excessive exposure to silica dust causes silicosis, which is a restrictive lung disease.

 

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What came over to the Americas from Europe and Africa and how did it change the Native Americans? What from the Americas went over to Europe and Africa and how did it change their culture and lifestyles? What effects did European diseases have on the Native Americans? In what ways does the Colombian Exchange still resonate with modern issues we face in the world today?

What came over to the Americas from Europe and Africa and how did it change the Native Americans? What from the Americas went over to Europe and Africa and how did it change their culture and lifestyles? What effects did European diseases have on the Native Americans? In what ways does the Colombian Exchange still resonate with modern issues we face in the world today?

 

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Managing Multicultural Virtual Teams

Integrating the topic above, the reports must summarize key points relevant to this project pertaining to: i) social media, ii) online community building, iii) globally distributed multi-cultural work teams and team building, iv) talent management (encompassing recruitment and retention), and v) human dimensions of change management. The reports must answer the standard “What? Why? How? How much?” questions leaders interested in investing in social media as a strategic initiative would want to have answered.

 

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How can the study of this religion be helpful? Who could benefit from such study? How does an understanding of particular religions and religious issues contribute to other areas of work or study?

How can the study of this religion be helpful? Who could benefit from such study? How does an understanding of particular religions and religious issues contribute to other areas of work or study?

 

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The Federal Reserve is not transparent and owes the American public an explanation on how it conducts its activities and its true owners. Discuss

The Federal Reserve is not transparent and owes the American public an explanation on how it conducts its activities and its true owners. Discuss

 

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