Animal Language

Linguists claim that any language should show some aspects of arbitrariness, duality, cultural transmission, discreteness, displacement productivity and metalinguistics. Research has shown that some animals like apes are able to use language that fulfills some language requirements especially cultural transmission, productivity and discreteness (Galup 2010). In this case, the user of the ‘ape language’ is able to pass some information to others. Similarly, some numbers of units are used to form an indefinite number of utterances and the language creates meanings. For instance, if a chimpanzee finds a snake, he makes some rumbling, low noise which signals to other chimpanzees to climb on the nearby trees. In the same way, if a doe is separated from her fawn and a predator approaches, it acts depending on the movement and direction of the predator. Consequently, the communication of these animals is entirely on observable event and does not demonstrate lack of displacement. In the same way, communication occurs accordingly (Graffin & Speck, 2004).


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